The SHURE SM57 microphone is a dynamic microphone that utilizes a specific electrical circuit to convert acoustic energy into an electrical signal. Here’s an explanation of the circuit and the process:
Microphone Element: The SM57 contains a dynamic element composed of a thin carbon ribbon attached to a sturdy crystal or magnet. The element responds to changes in air pressure caused by sound waves.
Element Movement: When the element vibrates in response to sound pressure, the thin carbon ribbon moves within a fixed magnetic field surrounding the crystal or magnet. This movement induces an electrical current in the surrounding coil, generating electrical energy.
Electrical Circuit: The induced electrical current resulting from the movement of the carbon ribbon is translated into an electrical potential that varies in relation to the position of the ribbon within the magnetic field. The circuit includes a fixed magnet and a coil within a small capsule. The movement of the carbon ribbon generates an electron flow between the magnet and the coil, creating electrical energy.
Electrical Output: The electrical energy produced by the movement of the dynamic element is transferred from the coil in the electrical circuit through the cables marked with XLR connectors. The electronic signal is then sent to an electrical device (mixer, amplifier, digital converter, etc.) for further processing and conversion into audible sound through speakers or headphones.
From these details, it becomes apparent that the SM57 utilizes angular movement and the motion of a thin carbon ribbon to convert the acoustic energy of sound waves or musical instruments into electrical energy. This electrical signal is then transmitted to amplification